This photo of Ukraine plunged into darkness is photoshopped
Has the entire Ukrainian territory been plunged into darkness due to Russian bombing? That's what some people on social networks have been saying since November 23, while sharing what appears to be an aerial photograph of Europe. While millions of Ukrainians have indeed lost power, this image has been manipulated using a photo that dates back to 2012.
If you only have a minute
- Since November 23, an aerial photo supposedly showing a "total blackout" in Ukraine has been circulating online.
- According to those sharing the post, Russian bombing has led to widespread power cuts plunging Ukraine into darkness.
- But the image is fake. It was edited using a photo that dates back to 2012, using a black filter over Ukraine.
- Nearly 6 million Ukrainian households, however, have lost power due to the war. Still, these blackouts are not visible via satellite imagery.
The fact-check, in detail
Since November 23, 2022, Facebook and Twitter accounts have been sharing a satellite image showing the European continent at night. On this map, Ukraine appears completely plunged into darkness, as if the whole country is now deprived of electricity.
In reaction, some people supporting Ukraine claim that this "total blackout" is the work of the "criminal Putin". Other accounts favourable to the Russian president see it as a sign of the success of the Russian army's new strategy of targeting electrical infrastructure.
To see whether this image is real or not, we first turned to forensic analysis tools, like those developed by InVid WeVerify (click here to find out how).
Several filters in this tool show that in this image, the area over Ukraine has a different level of compression than all other areas. This indicates that this image might have been photoshopped.
According to the caption on the image, this photo was posted online on December 7, 2012 by the NASA Earth Observatory. On the Observatory's site, you can also find the entire series of these images.
In the original image, there are indeed city lights visible from the Ukrainian territory. Therefore, the image being shared online is an edited version of this 2012 photograph.
Real power cuts, but not seen from the sky
Since the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, major power outages have impacted Ukrainians, especially since the Russian army adopted a strategy of targeting Ukrainian infrastructure.
Currently, several million homes in Ukrainian are reportedly without electricity. However, several satellite imagery sites, such as NASA WorldView, show that these blackouts have not caused Ukraine to appear completely plunged into darkness from above. Several cities remain well-lit.
If we look at the date of publication of the tweet, November 23, it is possible to see that several parts of western Ukraine remained relatively well-lit.
Ukrainian authorities are gradually restoring power around the country, in particular by reconnecting the country's four nuclear power plants. Several European countries, including France, have sent power generators to Ukraine.
The Ukrainian government estimates that, as of November 28, 6 million homes were still affected. According to FRANCE 24's correspondent in Ukraine, Gulliver Cragg, power cuts are still regularly occurring, particularly in the capital Kyiv.