Ukraine: Civilian buildings in Kharkiv in crosshairs of Russian shelling

The Kharkiv regional administration building was hit by a Russian strike on March 1, 2022.
The Kharkiv regional administration building was hit by a Russian strike on March 1, 2022. © Telegram

On February 26, the Russian ministry of defence said that it wouldn’t target civilian infrastructure in Ukraine. However, in recent days, Russian air strikes have hit many residential buildings in Ukraine’s second-largest city, Kharkiv, and several civilians have been killed.

Advertising

This video of Kharkiv’s regional administrative building being hit with a projectile was shot on a CCTV camera. It shows the date and time of the shelling: Tuesday, March 1 at 8am (local time), which attests to its authenticity.

This excerpt from a surveillance video was posted on Telegram on March 1, 2022.

Freezing a frame of the video helped us to identify a missile or rocket in front of the building. Although we weren’t able to determine the exact model of the weapon, our team was able to conclude that it was at least six metres in length. It could therefore have been a Russian long-range rocket, or a Kalibr-type cruise missile, both of which are in Russia’s arsenal. The Russian ministry of defence has denied striking the regional administrative building in Kharkiv and claims to have only targeted military infrastructure.

The Kharkiv regional administration building was hit by a Russian strike on March 1, 2022. In the screenshot of this surveillance video, the missile is around the same size as two storeys of the building. We, therefore, estimated that it was around six metres tall.
The Kharkiv regional administration building was hit by a Russian strike on March 1, 2022. In the screenshot of this surveillance video, the missile is around the same size as two storeys of the building. We, therefore, estimated that it was around six metres tall. Telegram

The damage inside the building is significant. This video, released by the Ukrainian armed forces, shows a hole in the ceiling above the person filming.

This video, posted on Telegram on March 1, shows the damage inside the administrative building which was targeted by the strikes.

Cars were destroyed by the impact and the square was very badly damaged. Our team authenticated a third video, published by the Ukrainian rescue services. It was filmed on Freedom Square, just in front of the administrative building.

A video released by the Ukrainian rescue services shows the damage caused by the strike against the regional administration building in Kharkiv.
In the video published by the rescue service (above), several features of Kharkiv's Freedom Square can be identified (below).
In the video published by the rescue service (above), several features of Kharkiv's Freedom Square can be identified (below). Ukrainian rescue services / Observers

The FRANCE 24 Observers team spoke to Maria, a Kharkiv resident who is currently hiding in a shelter with her family after hearing the explosions on Tuesday morning. 

Everyday, we hear the sirens and wait anxiously for the air strikes. We hear the firing of rocket launchers, then the missiles flying overhead. This morning we heard what sounded like an aeroplane, and immediately afterwards, an explosion. Shortly afterwards, we found out that Freedom Square had been hit.

‘The neighborhood where our apartment is located was bombed [...] I never thought that one day something like this would happen in my city’

Maria's neighbourhood in downtown Kharkiv was also hit by shelling. Fortunately, she left her apartment on the first day of the Russian invasion on February 24.

Yesterday, the neighborhood where our apartment is located was bombed. There were casualties. My former classmate had to perform first aid on her neighbour, who was injured by broken glass. Right now I can't go and check [my apartment] because you can hear the sirens every hour and it's too dangerous to walk around. I have two children, and I can't take that risk. I never thought that one day something like this would happen in my city.

Several residential areas in Kharkiv were also affected by fighting. Amateur footage shows a fire and smashed windows in a building in Novo-Bavarsky, a district in eastern Kharkiv, near a transport equipment factory.

This video, posted on Telegram in the afternoon of March 1, shows rescue workers struggling to put out the fire as residents look on in dismay. (Geolocation: 49.94974763072388, 36.15600601479133)

Military experts suspect use of cluster bombs

On Monday, February 28, a warehouse in Kharkiv was also targeted by rocket fire in the centre of a residential area, as the following two videos posted on Twitter show.

We have not been able to confirm whether the two videos were filmed at the same time. However, they were filmed at the same location.

In the area targeted by the shelling, there were multiple explosions that occurred at very short intervals. Some military experts have suggested these are cluster bombs, which generally disperse many submunitions across a wide area. The munitions are prohibited under a 2008 convention, but it hasn't been signed by the United States, Russia or Ukraine.

Both videos were filmed in the northeast of Kharkiv, Ukraine's second-largest city. The attacks took place between a shopping centre and apartment buildings (geolocation: 50.028497, 36.362763).

The building that enabled us to geolocate the video (in green) and the area targeted by the bombing (in red).
The building that enabled us to geolocate the video (in green) and the area targeted by the bombing (in red). © Google Earth / Observers

Rocket debris falling on civilians

These two videos are not the only ones that show bombing in the northeast of the city. We found two other videos that show debris from Russian-made Smerch rockets.

We authenticated one of the videos, filmed 3.5 km south of the bombing. It shows a steaming rocket stuck in the ground in the middle of the road while a car drives by next to it. Stunned passers-by also stop to film. 

A second video shows the same rocket model, this time filmed from closer up. The end of the rocket in the footage also resembles the end of a Smerch rocket.

Civilian buildings hit on Sunday, February 27

On the morning of Monday, February 28, a video was shot in the northeast of the city. Our editorial staff was able to geolocate it: it shows a school in ruins, covered in shrapnel. Farther on, the remains of armoured military vehicles testify to violent clashes between the Russian and Ukrainian armies. 

In a video posted on Telegram the following day, a woman tearfully describes what remains of her school: "This used to be the physics classroom, on the third floor... Opposite, the biology classroom... And here, there used to be a canteen...".

Footage of the same school in flames was filmed on Sunday night, February 27. Kharkiv has seen its civilian buildings impacted by fighting between the Russian and Ukrainian armies for at least three days in a row.