I visited several informal camps, most notably the Sokroini camp, and I can attest that 90% of the people there are children and teenagers between 11 and 20 years of age. Some of the youngest that I met were 8 or 9 years old. They are all Burkinabe, originally from cities such as Bobo Dioulasso or Koudougou in Burkina Faso; the militia leaders that run the trafficking operations also come from these areas. Other children come from southwestern Ivory Coast, notably the region of Soubré, which has a large Burkinabe presence.
Most of these children don’t even know who they are working for. According to militiamen I spoke with, these sites are run by Burkinabe businessmen who made a fortune in cocoa by setting up this illegal trade with the help of Amandé Ouérémi. Ouérémi’s men go find street children in Burkina Faso or ply parents by promising them money in exchange for taking away their children.
These pre-teen boys work using machetes.
“When I arrived, the militiamen quickly took away the machetes that the children were holding”
The children’s work is to pick cocoa and transport it in large baskets over very bad roads. Others are also made to gather hevea
, which is used to make rubber. It’s a mountainous area with steep slopes. They often have to walk up to 40 kilometres with baskets filled to the brim with cocoa on their heads.
When I arrived in the camp, I saw that many of the children were wielding machetes, which are dangerous tools that children as young as they are should not be using. When they saw me, the militiamen hurriedly took away their machetes and pretended to reprimand them, telling them they should not play with such tools. They don’t want others to know they are using child labour.
The man on the right is seen trying to gather the machetes so that our Observer cannot film children carrying them.
Another man gathers all the machetes in order to put them away.
“They sleep directly on the floor, about 30 of them in seven square metres”
I was able to speak to some children by surreptitiously taking them aside. The oldest have been there since 2005 and have seen nothing other than Mount Peko for the last eight years. They are completely cut off from the world and obviously don’t go to school. Their salary varies according to how old they are, but a 14-year-old boy will earn on average between 75,000 and 100,000 CFA (between 114 and 152 euros) per year. They think this is a fortune, they have no notion of money.
Their living conditions are deplorable: they sleep all jammed together directly on the floor in makeshift shelters, up to 30 children in seven square metres. And those are the lucky ones: those who work in the fields sleep under tents made out of sticks and a tarp.
One of the camp’s shelters, where children sleep in extremely cramped conditions.
“A 12-year old-child was crying; he told me his dream was to go back to school”
Many children break down due to the difficulty of the work. I saw a 12-year-old child who had just brought back a cocoa basket cry from exhaustion. Between sobs, he told me that he dreamed of going back to school, where those he left behind are still studying, while he is stranded in the middle of nowhere. In fact, he did not even know where he was. He has been there for two years and has had no news from his parents. The boy has not yet mustered the courage to run away, because he knows the odds of surviving alone on Mount Peko are very slim.