The explosions took place in the hours where the streets are quite busy, with students on their way to school and employees on their way to their offices. And it took place in an area where there are no regime buildings. So it seems obvious the goal was to target civilians.
“The locals allowed refugees to move to Jaramana, so it’s difficult now to differentiate between those supporting the regime or against it”
The majority of the inhabitants in Jaramana belong to the Druze
sect [a heterodox offshoot of Islam] or are Christians. [There are also Palestinians and Iraqis]. But since the beginning of the Syrian crisis, there has also been an influx of people who were forced to leave their homes in other suburbs of Damascus due to fighting. They moved to Jaramana because it was, relatively speaking, quite safe. The locals allowed people seeking refuge or medical aid to come in. So it’s difficult now to differentiate between those supporting the regime and those against it.
The Druze, who dominate Jaramana, are worried that if the regime falls, they might be vulnerable if Sunni Muslims come to power. [President Assad is himself part of a minority group, the Alawites
]. Still, they have tried, as much as possible, to stay out of this fight. It’s an oversimplification to say the district is pro-regime. Its inhabitants have refused to let the army enter, so they formed their own brigades to man checkpoints around the district [with the army’s tacit permission]. They’ve also, of course, refused to let in militias from the Free Syrian Army [the rebel army], though not for lack of trying on their part - rebel fighters have tried to enter Jaramana many times, but each time, they are pushed back by the local brigades.
"Now, both sides are blaming each other for trying to intimidate Jaramana residents into picking sides"
This is not the first time there’s an explosion in Jaramana. There was an explosion
nearly three months ago, then a series of explosions one month ago
. These attacks followed threats from members of the Free Syrian Army [the rebel army], who asked the district’s residents to support them – or else.
Now, both sides are blaming each other for trying to intimidate Jaramana residents into picking sides. While there is no way to know who is behind the attack, these explosions definitely seemed like a warning to the people: you have to take sides now.