While I believe the percentage of dropouts cited in the video seems exaggerated [Editor’s Note: The video cites a UNICEF report
that claims school enrolment plummeted from 80 percent to 20 percent of the nation’s children in 2009], I wholly agree that the standards for education have indeed gone down the drain throughout the country, in both rural and urban areas. The main factor leading to this decline are parents’ financial constraints; it is very difficult for them to finance their children’s education in a strapped-for-cash economy that produces nearly nothing, which just a few decades ago used to be a vibrant agro-based economy. School fees have gone up as the government has cut spending on schools over the years. Public school fees in rural areas now range between 15 and 50 US dollars (about 11,50 to 38 euros) per term, which is way beyond the reach of the average villager.
In towns and cities, fees range between 150 to 200 US dollars (115 euros to 154 euros) per term. With the majority of young parents unemployed, this is too expensive for many, but because education is highly valued by Zimbabweans, parents struggle and spend all their money on their children’s education - even though many of them will eventually have to stop paying when their children reach high school, and tuition rises even further. There are also private schools, but of course they are even more expensive, and only serve a tiny elite.
“In one village, half of a school has been turned into a militia training centre”
The politicisation of the education sector has also compromised the quality of education churned out from our once-esteemed schools and colleges. For example, in one village I've been to, half of a school has been turned into a militia training centre – teachers and students are expected to cohabit with militia instructors and their students. These militias are state-sponsored; their curriculum aims, in theory, to inculcate young people with patriotism. However, in practice, they are brain-washed militias who diffuse propaganda for the ruling Zanu-PF party and denounce those who sympathise with the opposition. Children should not have to be exposed to this.
The fact that teachers are underpaid also cannot be over emphasised, as it is clear our education sector flourished when teachers were the envy of many workers because of their handsome salaries. However, over the years, chiefly due to inflation, all public sector employees’ salaries, including teachers, have stagnated, and are now extremely low. Teachers are fed up and frequently go on strike
, and this too hurts students’ quality of education.