The attacks in Benghazi have not targeted regular citizens, but institutions such as courthouses or police stations. Because most of these buildings are located on the city’s main roads, the violence consequently places civilian lives in danger.
Personally, I don’t think it’s the work of former rebels. Almost all the armed groups that fought during the revolution have since joined the Interior or Defence ministries, and are now either part of the High Security Commission or the “Shield forces”. It’s true, though, that the ministry doesn’t have full control over them. They don’t wear uniforms, and it’s still common to see them riding around in pickup trucks mounted with machine guns, like in the days that followed the revolution. But I think they’re trying to do their best. For example, they now stand guard outside of public buildings. If, however, you happen to be the victim of a mugging or purse snatching, it’s still impossible to file a complaint at a police station…
So far, no one has claimed responsibility for the attacks that happened in August. Regardless, the authorities have blamed the violence on Gaddafi supporters [on August 21, Libyan authorities arrested 32 people
, who were said to be Gaddafi supporters, for inciting unrest]. Even though Benghazi isn’t the capital, it is a bigger target than Tripoli because it served as the cradle of the revolution, and the majority of people who led the uprising against Gaddafi still live here. Even when there are no victims, attacks create an atmosphere of fear and instability. They also come as a blow to those now in power, who still stand as a symbolic target.