Colombia’s “internal refugees” struggle to make their voices heard

For the past two weeks, displaced people have held a protest in Bogota. Photo: Mike Ceaser.
 
One of the largest groups of victims of Colombia’s longstanding fight between guerillas and the army is also one of its least visible. Poor rural families are often threatened and expropriated by FARC rebels, forcing them to leave their villages and become refugees in their own country. For the past two weeks, these displaced Colombians have been protesting in the capital, Bogotá.
 
The FARC, or Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, are a Marxist armed group of approximately 8,000 guerrilla fighters, mostly drawn from the peasant rebel armies of the civil conflict in the 1950s and 1960s. Murder, hostage-taking, bombings… The list of crimes committed by FARC fighters goes on and on. As recently as November 26, the group executed four hostages in retaliation for a military offensive against it.
 
In several rural regions of Colombia, the militiamen are in the habit of attacking villages to force teenage boys to join their ranks and extort money from villagers. Many rural Colombians have no choice but to flee their homes to escape this recurring threat. According to the Internal displacement monitoring centre (IMDC) founded by the Norwegian Council for Refugees, 280,000 people were displaced in Colombia in 2010 alone due to threats from armed rebel groups.
 
In June 2011, the government adopted a programme meant to return two million hectares of land to displaced populations. “More than just a material compensation, this programme is also the first official recognition of the fact that Colombia is still facing an armed internal conflict,” wrote the IMDC, adding that “the land restoration process will be lengthy and difficult, because it is taking place while the armed conflict is still going on.”
 
 
Jaime (pictured above) was forced to flee his village with his family after being threatened by an armed group. He and 14 other people live in this single bedroom in Villavicencio. © ICRC / B. Heger
 
Acciòn Social is a government agency that helps displaced populations in urban parts of Colombia. Here, their offices in Bogotá. © ICRC / B. Heger
 
For the past two weeks, several dozen internal refugees have been protesting in Bogotá’s Bolivar Square. They are temporarily living with family or friends, and get together daily to remind authorities of their situation. They brandish portraits of family members killed by FARC rebels and denounce the slow pace with which the government follows up on its promises.
Contributors

“Returning to their villages would be too dangerous”

 Mike Ceaser is an American entrepreneur living in Bogotá. He went to speak to the protesters in Bolivar Square. He posted the following comment on his blog.
 
The abuses committed by Colombia’s outlaw armed groups have been in the news recently in the wake of Saturday’s killing by FARC guerrillas of three kidnapped police officers and one soldier, whom the guerrillas had held in the jungle for more than a decade.
 
But the displaced people’s stories are also terrible - yet much less visible. And Colombia has several million displaced people.
 
A 51-year-old woman [protesting on Bolivar Square] said that someone had given her family a piece of farmland in Tolima Department. Leftist guerrillas and right-wing paramilitary groups roamed the area, fighting each other. The paramilitaries controlled her region, and required residents to pay them a monthly ‘protection fee,’ called a vacuna. In 2005, the woman said, paramilitaries showed up and ordered her family to leave within eight days. The woman believes that the person who she said gave them the land had hired the paramilitaries.
 
'We had to leave right away, because otherwise those people will kill you,’ she said.
 
Previously, the woman said, she’d panicked after learning that some paramilitaries had taken photos of her daughter, 13, in school. The woman sent the girl to live in Bogotá.
 
‘I sent her away overnight, because they were going to prostitute her,’ the woman said.
 
Many of the armed groups in Colombia’s long conflict have used violence against women as a weapon.
 
The woman also described a rein of terror by the paramilitaries. When people broke the paramilitaries’ ‘laws’, she said, the so-called ‘paras’ would drag them through the streets and then rub salt into their wounds. They murdered others: ‘They forced them to dig a hole in the jungle, and that was their grave,’ she recalled.
 
Another woman, from Los Llanos, said she fled to Bogotá four years ago with her husband and three children after guerrillas threatened them. She said that her family had refused to collaborate with the guerrillas by spying for them on local military patrols.
 
They believed they’d find safety in Bogotá. But here in the capital the woman’s husband was murdered - by guerrillas, she believes.
 
‘We were the guerrillas’ military objective,’ she says.
 
A woman showed me a photo of her husband, who she said was kidnapped a dozen years ago by guerrillas from their town outside of Medellin. The guerrillas demanded an impossibly large ransom, she said. Initially, she learned that her husband was alive from another kidnappee who had been chained to him. But since then she has heard nothing more, and doesn't know whether he's still alive.
A man from the Sierra Nevada Mountains near La Guajira said that late one night 11 years ago members of Colombia’s smaller guerrilla group, the ELN, came to his village, killing, stealing and driving the people out.
 
‘It was because we didn't pay them a tax,’ he said. ‘They came at midnight and ordered us out. I lost my farm, my cattle and everything else. And they killed my brother.’
 
He once tried to return to the land, he said, but fled because the guerrillas would have killed him.
 
Now, he believes, the guerrillas are growing drug crops on the community’s land.”
 
 
A woman shows a photo of her kidnapped husband. Photo by Mike Ceaser.
 
The banner reads: “We displaced people demand that our rights [be respected]. No more lies.”
 
Carlos was displaced from the region of Cauca. Photo by Mike Ceaser.
 

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Yes! New post! You've unquestionably been working on your writing skills. Good work :) Thank you so much for the imagination of well - you!

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