Mexico's latest saint, not on your calendar

Mexico City. Posted by "mrabanalc" on Flickr

In Mexico, where people have traditionally been devout followers of the Virgin of Guadalupe and the peasant Juan Diego, a new "saint" is quickly growing in popularity. But it's not one you can find in the Catholic pantheon: "Santa Muerte" (Holy Death), as she's known, has a skull's head and a bride's body.

Death has played an important role in Mexican folk culture for centuries, with Mexicans maintaining long-established traditions like offering their deceased relatives sugar skulls on the second day of November. But now Holy Death is also being worshipped in makeshift temples and shrines across Mexico, where people seek her blessings and offer her bride's dresses, cigars and other gifts in return.

The Catholic Church strongly condemns the cult, branding it a "devil-worshipping sect". It has declared praying to Santa Muerte a sin. The Mexican government has refused to grant it the status of "religious cult". Santa Muerte's followers have been indistinctly branded as smugglers, gang members, drug lords and prostitutes.

However, amid Mexico's worsening economic situation and its rising violence, devotion to Santa Muerte has continued to grow.

Tepito sanctuary, Mexico City. Posted by David Sánchez on Flickr

Contributors

"I am neither a drug lord, prostitute, or drug addict"

Angie T. (not her real name) is a devout follower of Santa Muerte and keeps a blog about it. She lives near Monterrey, in northern Mexico.

"Devotion to Santa Muerte has existed in Mexico for a long time, and it has gained a lot of ground in recent years. You see people from all over Mexico, of all ages and social backgrounds, praying to her. We believe she intercedes on our behalf and gives us protection. I personally believe she has helped me in both my personal and my professional life.

I am neither a drug lord, prostitute or drug addict. We have been stigmatised for our beliefs. There are indeed those who seek Santa Muerte for evil purposes, but they are a minority and we are being unfairly judged.

The masses I attend have nothing to do with animal sacrifices, worshipping the Devil or any of the other things we have been accused of. They are similar to the Catholic ritual. We simply go and pray, and we also pray to Jesus Christ. Many worshippers of the Santa Muerte are in fact devout Catholics, proving that the two are not mutually exclusive."

"As Mexico has struggled with economic problems and high insecurity, people have looked elsewhere for comfort"

Carlos Garma is a professor of anthropology at the Metropolitan Autonomous University (UAM) in Mexico City who has studied devotion to Santa Muerte.

Devotion to Santa Muerte used to be a private practice, taking place within people's homes. When followers in the Tepito neighbourhood of Mexico City started placing her figure in the street, it started to become a more public expression.

This devotion is an example of what anthropologists call a ‘cult of crisis'. As Mexico has struggled with economic problems and high insecurity, people have looked elsewhere for comfort. The reason people have turned to Santa Muerte is the same reason why religious movements like the Evangelical churches have grown so much.

A lot has been said about the criminal profile of its followers. While it cannot be denied that Santa Muerte is very popular in prisons, one cannot make sweeping generalisations about its devotees.  They come from all walks of life, and perhaps the only common trait between them is their working class origin. One reason people look up to her is because they see her as a figure of justice, since in front of death we are all the same.

One thing seems certain: as long as the crisis continues, the devotion will keep on expanding."

Santa Muerte Icons across the country

Shrine in Tepito,Mexico City. Photo posted on Flickr by Jorge Salgado

Santa Muerte for sale. Posted on Flickr by "Chrissy575"

Downtown Mexico City. Posted by Michał Baranowski on Flickr

 Tepito Sanctuary, Mexico City. Posted on Flickr by Jorge Salgado

Market in dowtown Mexico City. Posted by Patricio Lopez on Flickr.

Mexico City. Posted by Eduardo Towers Veytia on Flickr

Santa Muerte next to Virgin of Guadalupe. Posted by Leonardo Reyes-Gonzalez on Flick

Santa Muerte at street market, Pátzcuaro. Posted by Ank Sam on Flickr

Tepito, Mexico City. Posted by Michael Andersen-Andrade on Flickr

Roadside shrine dedicated to Santa Muerte. Posted by Dan Morales on Flickr

Comments

"Cult of Crisis"

This is a fascinating report. And I appreciate the analysis by Professor Garma.

It seems when government and traditional religious institutions fail to provide help for the needs of the most powerless in a society, the gap will be filled with whatever gives the most comfort. This trend is an important cultural index.

Rather than stigmatizing the followers of Santa Muerte, leaders should seek to understand and solve the crisis that makes people feel that devotion to her is so vital.

Many thanks for posting the striking photos as well.

Doug Jennings
Graphic Artist
Chicago region, USA

gracias Doug

Thanks Doug for your comments, wise words, if instead of
stigmatizing, or labeled by religious beliefs listen to us
not have this type of discuciones, I think unfortunately in Mexico
political and religious leaders only care about themselves,
never by the people, just think of their "economic gain"

Although they listen to us, I would not leave the cult of
"Santa Muerte" she has given me favorable results that are
not happenstance, perhaps only those of us with her as
can understand.
Thanks again for your comments, but do not believe in Mexico
any interest in hearing or resolve, and religion
Catholic or Christian only cares about losing those "people" of which
received some money while attending Mass, and like today
At present we do not, do not let those "coins" are worried., by
The economic loss that their occasions, not by us.
Greetings.
Angie.
aradia.wicca @ yahoo.com.mx

Best

I appreciate your comments, Angie.

All the Best wishes to you during these hard times.

Doug Jennings
Graphic Artist
Chicago region, USA

Hey Doug,wipe the brown off

Hey Doug,wipe the brown off your nose.

Funny

Funny snipe. Easy, and cheap, but funny.

By the way, I can't help but notice new photos added since I posted earlier...

I got my brown on my nose to say: Great additional photos!

Actually the photos are really great. :)

Doug Jennings
Graphic Artist
Chicago region, USA

hilarious comment

hilarious comment

ha ha ha ha!

ha ha ha ha!

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